Parasites

Toxoplasmosis

Available Tests for Toxoplasmosis

Antibodies

Toxoplasma-IgA- and -IgG-antibodies
(1x Serum/SST tube)

PCR

Toxoplasma-DNA-PCR
(from biopsies)

Bacteria:

Toxoplasma gondii (protozoon), parasitic disease

Vector / Transmission:

oral (undercooked meat of infected animals, cat feces, transmission of an infected mother to fetus through placenta)

Symptoms:

hyperpyrexia, lymphadenopathy, lymphocytosis, encephalitis, pneumonitis, myocarditis, myositis

Fetal toxoplasmosis:

severe birth defects (blindness, hydrocephalus, mental retardation)

Risk factors:

Immune suppression (children, older people).

Echinococcus

The Echinococcosis (E. multilocularis) is an infection caused by the fox tapeworm. In Europe the fox tapeworm (E. multilocularis) is the host of the alveolar Echinococcosis, a life-threatening worm infection for humans.

More

Entamoeba histolytica

Entamoeba histolytica (amoebic dysentery) is a human-pathogenic protozoan and is one of the most common pathogens in developing countries, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Each year approximately 50 Million people become infected and 100,000 die as a result of the infection. The pathogens are transmitted in the faecal-oral way. The incubation period is very variable and may take from some days to months and years.

More

Leishmania

Leishmania occurs globally in the tropes and subtropics and also in mediterranean areas. The transmission happens by the bite of sand flies. There are 3 types of Leishmania. The inner (visceral) Leishmania settles in the organs. The pathogens are L. donovani, in Europe L. infanctum. The cutaneous Leishmania attacks only the skin. The pathogens are L. tropica major, L. tropica minor, L.- tropica inflantum and L- aethiopica. Leishmania attacks next to the skin also the mucous membrane. The pathogen is L. brasiliensis.

More

Taenia solium

The pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) is a parasitic living worm in the intestines of humans. Porks serve as an intermediate host. Experimentally, also other mammals may be infected. Also the human can serve as an intermediate host. If the human serves as intermediate host the fins especially settle on the fascias from sceletal muscles, diaphragm, larynx, heart, lymph glands or the brain. These parasites trigger headache, increased cerebral pressure, neurological illnesses and meningitis.

More

Toxocara canis

The Toxocariasis is an infectious disease which is caused by the migration from larves of the worm Toxocara in organs and tissues. Infected dogs and cats defecate the eggs by the feces. The infection of humans takes place by the absorption of the eggs from the environment or by the direct contact with infected animals. Toxocara is spread globally.

More

Trichinella spiralis

Trichinella spiralis is the pathogen of Trichinosis, a globally spread disease of humans and many animals.

Trichinella belongs to the thread worms (nematodes). They are tissue parasites primarily from carnivore and omnivorous mammals, including humans. According to the infectious diseases protection laws, the pathogen in human beings is obliged to be registered.