About Mycoplasma

The bacteria Mycoplasmas of the class Mollicutes, were once thought to be viruses due to their ability to pass through filters that block the passage of ordinary bacteria because of a deformable membrane.

They are now known as the smallest free-living, self-replicating, fastidious bacteria. Their lack of a cell-wall also renders traditional cell-wall active antibiotics useless. Mycoplasma species, including Mycoplasma fermentans, have been identified in blood-sucking arthropods. One representative are Ixodes ticks, which also transmit Lyme disease, Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, and Bartonellosis. In a published study, 17.4% of 230 symptomatic US-residents in a endemic area for tick-borne diseases were tested positive for Mycoplasma.

Available Tests for Mycoplasma

Antibodies

Mycoplasma pneumoniae-IgM, Mycoplasma pneumoniae-IgA, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae-IgG antibodies
(Serum tube)

PCR

Mycoplasma pneumoniae-PCR in blood
(2 x EDTA tube or sputum, secretion)

Bacteria:

Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Mycoplasma fermentans (gram-positive, intracellular)

Vector / Transmission:

airborne infection (aerogen), human to human, ticks (not evidenced)

Symptoms:

tiredness (100%), fever, joint pain, swelling of joints, muscle pain, headache, insomnia, anxiety, emotional lability, lack of concentration, memory loss

Associations:

Autism, Chronic Fatique Sydrome (CFS), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), “Gulf War I syndrome”

Risk factors:

immune suppression (children/older people)